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Sunday, September 28, 2014

Development in the field of Batteries...

What is flexible batteries..... 
Now a days with advancement in technology, there has developed may gadgets which are flexible and which can take user defined shape. These gadgets cannot run on its own as it require power source. This requirement of power source has made the gadgets limited in flexibility. It has made it necessary to develop a process to make batteries flexible too. Researches are being carried out to make the primary(non-rechargeable) as well as secondary(rechargeable) batteries flexible.

Basic Design
In general, a battery is made of one or several galvanic cells, where each cell consists of cathode, anode, separator, and in many cases current collectors. In flexible batteries all these components need to be flexible.

Friday, September 26, 2014

Know about pipe threading....cont.

The difference between NPT, BSPP and BSPT seals

As I told in my previous post, Now follow a bit of information about different pipe threading and their compatible sealing.

NPT Connections
NPT (National Pipe Thread) seals are the most popular type of seal for pressure calibration systems in the U.S. and Canada. NPT male adapters have a taper thread that wedges into the female NPT adapter. They seal due to the “out of roundness principle” which means that the male stretches the female fitting until there is so much force that the connection can hold pressure. One of the challenges with this design is that if you connect stainless steel to stainless steel then over-tightening or poor lubrication can cause damage to the threads. Thread sealant is needed to seal but only 2 turns of thread sealant is required. Any more than that and the seal can leak around the thread sealant.
BSPT Connections
BSPT (British Standard Pipe Taper) is similar to NPT except for one important difference. The angle across the flanks of threads (if you sliced the fitting in half long-ways and measured the angle from root to crest to root) is 55 degrees and have rounded peaks and valleys instead of 60 degrees as it is for NPT having flattened peaks and valleys. Thus an NPT male will fit into a BSPT fitting or vice versa but they will not seal. This is a popular fitting in China and Japan but is very rarely used in North America unless the equipment to which it is attached was imported. Thread sealant is needed to seal the male and female fitting together.


BSPP Connections
BSPP (British Standard Pipe Parallel) is most popular in the UK, Europe, Asia, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. It is a parallel thread fitting that uses a bonded seal ring to do the sealing. This bonded ring seal is sandwiched in-between a shoulder on the male fitting and the face of the female fitting and is squeezed in place. BSPP pressure gauges have a longer male thread and use a copper crush washer that is squeezed in between the bottom of the male fitting and the bottom of the female BSPP hole forming a pressure tight seal. No thread sealant is needed to form a seal.

This is end of the pipe threading. If any one wants to know some specific information the feel free to comment in the post. I personally welcome any suggestion or more information regarding the post content.

Thursday, September 25, 2014

Pipe Threadings used in process Industries

I have seen many has problem in understanding the pipe adopters used in process industries. I too had the problem in initial stage but as time passed I get to learn about different adopters. I want to share some information about the adopters for the people like me who is facing problem in their initial stage in process industries.
The main confusion in the choice of adopter is their pipe threading. If the pipe has different threading then we have to use compatible adopter for that. For example, if we have 1/2” NPT(M) pressure gauge which has to be mounted on ½”  NPT(M) pressure line, we are bound to use ½”NPT(F) to ½”NPT(F) adopter. This adopter can also be written as ½”X ½” NPT(F) adopter. We can’t use pipe Nipple or adopter having BSP threading, which normally people try to do. If you seriously wants to fit the ½” NPT(M) into ½” BSP(F) pipe, then you have to use the proper adopter like 1/2” NPT(F) X ½” BSP(M) otherwise it will damage the treading of gauge as well as the adopter. It can also be fatal for the pressurized system because sealing will not be proper. If you do put NPT into a BSP socket, for example, and you have a bad result (as in somebody gets injured, or property gets damaged, or both) you should not be surprised when your insurer refuses to cover the damage claims.

I will try to explain each type of threading for the beginners in my next post.


Keep watching for many interesting topics which many misses thinking the topic as not significant. But keep in mind, nothing in this world is insignificant. Everything has its importance in your life when time comes. Some get to know it early some later in their life. 

Wednesday, September 24, 2014

The knowledge behind the incident at Delhi zoo...

Yesterday afternoon, a gruesome incident has occurred which has led to the killing of a youth by white tiger named Vijay in Delhi zoo. According to eye witnesses, the boy has jumped to the animal's moat in the Delhi zoo. The question arises in here is why the boy has jumped to his death? Whether he was drunk or something? Even if he was drunk, he will not be able to climb the barrier and jump.

By the way, the incident has occurred and there is nothing we can do about it. But what about the authority maintaining the zoo. Is they are not aware that the incident like this may happen. They have many examples in the past. Why the authority has not taken the precaution? Why they have made the barrier which can be climbed by a normal person.

According to authority "All the enclosures of the National Zoological Park are absolutely safe. No visitor can reach the moat wall of the enclosure without the stand-off barrier. The visitor crossed the stand-off barrier and ultimately jumped into the enclosure which led to his death by the tiger," the statement said.

The tiger was watching the boy for about 15 minutes without touching him. If the guards had tranquilizers, then may be the boy can be saved.

The main point of interest is that they take precaution only on the next day the incident occurred. The day after, they sit and relax like nothing has happens in the past. The news is coming that kolkata zoo enclosure inspection is being carried out after the Delhi zoo incident. Its good practice to inspect the security of the premises regularly but why after the incident has occurred.

As a popular proverb that prevention is better than cure, hold good in this case too.